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Muza Art

Interesting on painting, music, sculpture, architecture and much more

Category Archive: Jewelry and gems

Amazing Garnet

Amazing Garnet

Amazing Garnet


Many people think that garnet is red. Despite the fact that the dark red varieties of this group of minerals are more common than others, their color range is much wider and varies from emerald green to reddish-brown and even black.
Garnet is known to man since ancient times and had many names. Theophrastus, for example, called it anthrax – coal, and Pliny the Elder named it carbunculus.
Garnets are hard and very often they are transparent. Their color depends on the elements in the chemical composition. The most valuable type of garnet is red.
Pyrope is the most valuable variety of garnet. Its name comes from the Greek feast, fire. It is also known as Bohemian garnet. The rich dark red color of this gemstone is due to the presence of magnesium in its composition.
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Jade – symbol of China

Jade – symbol of China

Jade – symbol of China


Jade is one of the most beautiful gemstones created by nature. The color of the jade can be emerald-dark, apple-green, grassy-green, greenish, yellowish-white and yellowish-green. In ancient times it was believed that this gemstone could treat kidney disease and many other diseases.
Jade is a very hard gemstone, twice as hard as steel. Therefore, in ancient times, people made various tools and weapons from nephrite.
The art of jade carving appeared in China. A well-known mineralogist A.E. Fersman called jade “the national gemstone of China”. It valued even above gold. The participants of the competitions, who won the first place, were awarded with scepters made of jade, the second prize were scepters made of gold, and those who took the third place received scepters made of ivory.
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Turquoise – gemstone that brings happiness

Turquoise – gemstone that brings happiness

Turquoise – gemstone that brings happiness


Since ancient times, turquoise is considered a gemstone that brings happiness. Turquoise was so popular with different peoples that it had many different names, for example, “the favorite gemstone of the East”, “the gemstone of the Egyptian pharaohs”, “the sacred gemstone of Tibet”, “the heavenly gemstone of the American Indians”.
Persian (Iranian) turquoise has been considered the best in the world for many centuries. In the East, where turquoise has always been considered a lovers’ gemstone (after all, according to legend, it was formed from the bones of people who died of love), the most beautiful gemstones were of pure deep blue or blue colors. Less valuable turquoise had a greenish-golden hue.
According to Muslim beliefs, turquoise is an indicator of female permanence and happiness.
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Amethyst – protection from sorcery and intoxication

Amethyst - protection from sorcery and intoxication

Amethyst – protection from sorcery and intoxication


In the history of mankind, diamonds and emeralds did not always occupy the first place. In ancient Greece, for example, such stones as lapis lazuli, turquoise, jasper, carnelian and amethyst were especially appreciated.
Amethyst (SiO2) is a kind of quartz, which has a purple color, sometimes with a pink or reddish tinge. It is considered the most valuable gemstone in the quartz group. According to ancient legends, the amethyst has supernatural power. It brings good luck, protects against diseases and even sorcery, and also prevents intoxication. It is a gemstone of travelers, protecting from thieves and other road troubles. Amethyst is used to strengthen memory, relieve headaches and, especially, to give up bad habits.
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Pearl – gemstone of Moon

Pearl - gemstone of Moon

Pearl – gemstone of Moon


Pearls have been known to man since ancient times. There are many legends explaining the origin of pearls. The nature of the pearl was unknown for a long time. Legends and various stories about pearls can be divided into two groups: some colorfully explain the origin of pearls, and others narrate about its unusual properties. The ancient Greeks believed they were frozen drops of dew. Pliny claimed that the pearls were daughters of mollusks and the moonlight.
Pearls also appear in myths. The ancient Greeks considered it a gemstone of Aphrodite, “born from the foam of the sea”. For the inhabitants of ancient Rome, it personified Venus and was a symbol of love.
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Gold – elixir of life

Gold - elixir of life

Gold – elixir of life


Gold is the basis of the world financial system, a symbol of wealth, stability and impeccability. It (like silver) is the first of metals known to man. Archeologists have found gold jewelry in ancient burials. At all times, gold was loved and admired, it was used to create masterpieces, poems and fairy tales were written about it.
The rise of popularity of this solar metal happened in the heyday of the ancient southern civilizations – the Maya, the Aztecs, the peoples of Egypt. All of them not only worshiped gold as a deity, creating great works of art, but also possessed powerful magic techniques that protected their creations from conquerors. And healers of the past used gold even before our era.
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Tourmaline – colorful gemstone

Tourmaline – colorful gemstone

Tourmaline – colorful gemstone


The family of tourmalines is very numerous and unites a number of minerals with similar characteristics and a diverse range of colors: from black, blue and red to green and colorless. Some varieties of tourmaline are polychrome, i.e. painted in several colors at once. The most interesting and beautiful varieties of tourmaline are considered to be black tourmaline, indigolite, rubellite and verdelite (green tourmaline).
Black tourmaline contains sodium, iron and aluminum. This mineral has a high hardness and is capable of changing color depending on the angle of incidence of light. For a long time, it was used to make funeral jewelry. It gained special popularity in England in the Victorian epoch.
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Jasper – colorful gemstone

Jasper – colorful gemstone

Jasper – colorful gemstone


Jasper is a kind of chalcedony, colored in various colors by impurities of other minerals. Jasper can be gray, red, black, yellow, green, blue, white, purple.
Although the deposits of jasper are found all over the world, the most diverse are the US deposits, where, in addition, they have the jasper of golden tones. In the past, people not only cut jewelry and decoration items, but also used this gemstone in rituals to bring good luck and drive away trouble and illness. Yellow jasper always represented prosperity, well-being, health and wealth, and its vibrant golden color symbolized the Sun.
You can decorate the room with vases and boxes made of jasper to bring peace and harmony to your house. Jasper is also used for making countertops, finishing tiles, etc. Yellow jasper creates around itself an energy field that cleans your house of negative energy.
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Young and beautiful aragonite

Young and beautiful aragonite

Young and beautiful aragonite


Aragonite is a natural calcium carbonate, evolving in the form of thin and elongated crystals. This mineral is white or colorless, and in the ultraviolet light emits blue, pink or yellow fluorescence. It’s named after the place where the largest deposits are located and the most typical samples of this mineral are mined – Molina de Aragón (Guadalajara Province, Spain). Aragonite is enclosed in grottoes and mines, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. The largest deposits of aragonite are found in Romania, in the Austrian Alps, in Greece and Japan.
People make beads for necklaces and earrings, and also cut small decorative figures. Aragonite is a wonderful collection material, so-called “iron flowers” are highly valued.
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Diamond – lord among gemstones

Diamond - lord among gemstones

Diamond – lord among gemstones


Diamond is the lord among gemstones, the most popular, the most precious gemstone in the world. Clean, transparent, with inimitable brilliance, it emphasizes the beauty of any jewelry. It is believed that the diamond gives its owner the courage, brings good luck, and loses its shine when contacts with the hands of the traitor. Shining, attracting, they excite people for centuries. There are stories of bribery, deception, and murders associated with them. Diamonds are surrounded by mysteries. But, no matter what, people still want to own them.
Since ancient times man has appreciated hard materials. The gemstones seemed to him the embodiment of eternity, people believed that they can protect and give strength.
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