Jade is one of the most beautiful gemstones created by nature. The color of the jade can be emerald-dark, apple-green, grassy-green, greenish, yellowish-white and yellowish-green. In ancient times it was believed that this gemstone could treat kidney disease and many other diseases.
Jade is a very hard gemstone, twice as hard as steel. Therefore, in ancient times, people made various tools and weapons from nephrite.
The art of jade carving appeared in China. A well-known mineralogist A.E. Fersman called jade “the national gemstone of China”. It valued even above gold. The participants of the competitions, who won the first place, were awarded with scepters made of jade, the second prize were scepters made of gold, and those who took the third place received scepters made of ivory.