Henri Matisse was a French painter and sculptor, one of the great initiators of the modern art movement and the most outstanding personality of the first revolution in 20th-century art – Fauvism. He was the greatest master of modern sophistication. Matisse was the artist who fulfilled the national tradition of French painting in the modern movement. Matisse was an artist of “light and happiness”, who looked at the world through the prism of joy and beauty. He confessed that he found joy in everything: in the trees, in the sky, in flowers.
Henri Matisse was born on December 31, 1869, at Le Cateau-Cambresis. Matisse’s father was a corn merchant, his mother an amateur painter. From 1887 to 1891 Henri studied law and then decided to go to Paris and become a painter. In 1892 he entered the studio of Gustave Moreau and studied there for 5 years. Moreau encouraged his students to look at nature and to paint outdoors, as well as to frequent the museums.